Due to the shrinking oil resources and global warming and other increasingly serious problems, the development and utilization of renewable clean energy, reduction of petrochemical energy consumption and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions have become the consensus of all countries in the world to ease the energy crisis and climate change. Biomass pellet fuel is a renewable clean energy source. In recent years, the world biomass pellet fuel industry has developed rapidly under the attention of the international community and governments. For this reason, this paper first introduced the current situation and characteristics of the world biomass pellet fuel industry, analyzed and predicted the development trend of the world biomass pellet fuel industry, and put forward suggestions on how to choose the pellet machine.
The production of biomass pellet fuel began in the 1930s, but developed as an industry during the oil crisis in the 1970s. At that time, the soaring oil price forced some European and American countries to vigorously develop and use alternative energy. At this time, biomass pellet fuel after decades of development, production technology gradually mature, product quality has been greatly improved. Because its raw materials mainly come from local forestry waste, the transportation cost is low and the price is cheap, so the cheap biomass pellet fuel has become an alternative energy source for coal and natural gas, which is favored by European and American countries. However, after the oil crisis, with the stability of the world oil price, the production and use of biomass pellet fuel gradually become depressed, and the development of the biomass pellet fuel industry is slow. Until the 1990s, people recognize that the long-term heavy use of fossil energy such as coal, oil, natural gas and oil resources atrophy and problems such as global warming, a positive development and use of renewable clean energy, reduce fossil energy consumption and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has become the world to alleviate the energy crisis and climate change. With the joint efforts of the international community and governments, a number of agreements have been issued to limit global greenhouse gas emissions. For example, the American Clean Energy and Security Act and the American Power Act in the United States, the European Union's biomass Energy action plan and Directive for Renewable Energy Sources, etc. All these international agreement or national laws and regulations to be the world's renewable clean energy development driving force, greatly stimulated the demand for renewable energy, therefore biomass pellet fuel industry into people's horizons again, and gets the rapid development in the 21st century, output rising at an annual rate of 18% ~ 25%. In 2000, the world production of biomass pellet fuel was only 1.65 million t, but by 2010 it had increased to 15.7 million t, an increase of 9.5 times. It can also be seen that the development of the world's biomass pellet fuel industry is not balanced globally, and the main production areas are currently concentrated in the European Union and north American countries. In 2010, for example, the output of biomass pellet fuel in the EU and North America was 928.6 million t and 4.32 million t respectively, accounting for 59.3% and 27.6% of the world's total production. Eastern Europe, Russia, Asia, Africa and Australia accounted for only 9.2 percent and 3.9 percent, respectively.
However, the development of biomass pellet fuel industry is not balanced among countries. Among them, the largest biomass pellet fuel production countries are the United States, Canada, Germany and Sweden, and the largest consumption of countries are Sweden, Denmark, the United States, the Netherlands and Italy. Europe is the region with the largest consumption of biomass pellet fuel in the world. For example, in 2010, the consumption of biomass pellet fuel in Europe reached 11.411 million t, an increase of 25.5% compared with 9.089 million t in 2009, accounting for 85% of the total consumption of the world. The difference between biomass pellet fuel consumption and production in Europe is mainly made up by imports, so Europe has become the largest import market of biomass pellet fuel in the world. North America, which produces far more than it consumes, is the largest export market. In 2010, the largest imports of biomass pellet fuel were from Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Sweden, while the largest exports were from Canada, Russia, Germany, Poland and the United States. In 2010, the export volume of biomass pellet fuel in Canada reached 1.655 million t, accounting for 95% of its total production volume, making it the largest export volume of biomass pellet fuel in the world. At present, heating and power generation is the main two USES of biomass pellet fuel, in Austria, France, Germany and Italy biomass pellet fuel is mainly used for heating, and in Denmark, Finland, Sweden in addition to heating is also used for power generation.
Although the world biomass pellet fuel industry has developed rapidly in the past decade, it is still a new industry, such as in Russia, Indonesia, such countries, forest share is very high, but the pellet machine is not widespread, and the government welcomes people with insight from all sides to invest in the establishment of factories. In addition, the biomass energy industry has low barriers to entry, so smart investors will choose this industry.
As for how to choose the machine, my suggestion is that we must choose the Chinese machine. First, China develops rapidly and has high production technology. Second, the machines in China are cheaper and more cost-effective than those in Europe. In China, there is a very famous company called Rotexmaster, the full name is Shandong Rotex Machinery Co., Ltd. Since 4 years ago,the Rotexmaster had already exported machine to America,Europe.This company has done a lot of large-scale production lines, exported to the world, such as Indonesia's 10t/h pellet production line, Malaysia's 10t/h pellet production line, Thailand's 8t/h pellet production line, the Philippines of 10t/h pellet production line. Machine quality is guaranteed, through CE and ISO certification, after - sales service is also very good. Welcome to visit and purchase.
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